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Plant automatic garden with 1 block

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Plant automatic garden with 1 block, picture1 picture, family house, latin america country and architecture house.

Durban is a town and city in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. The main attractions of Durban are its beautiful beaches. To the west is the Indian Ocean, to the north is the uMlazi swamp, and to the east are the Eastern Knysna forest and the Great Kei River estuary.

In the first half of the 20th century, Durban was one of the major ports in the Southern Hemisphere. It is considered by many as being the South African Deepwater port that best exemplifies the economy of the region. Many shipping lines and cargo ships, including many passenger liners sailed in and out of the port.

Durban has been a major center of trade and commerce since the 18th century. At first it was a small, mainly Portuguese-British settlement. It became the most important port in the South African region and by the 19th century the center of large-scale export trade in the world. The port handled large quantities of goods transported between Europe, India, Australia and North America.

In 1821, the British government named the city Port Natal in honor of the reigning monarch, Queen Victoria. The first British settlement in Durban was founded in 1821 by the British.

As soon as the main port facilities were built, many merchants were attracted to the city. In 1831, there were 17,000 people living in the area around the harbor. More than a third of the population were foreigners. The largest communities were of Dutch and English. The third largest group were Africans, as they occupied the old town areas of East and West. By the mid-19th century, the town had a population of 40,000.

But by 1843, the shiplines and warehouses were destroyed by a fire. The town was rebuilt but even then it could not compete with the growth of Cape Town, which was founded in 1806 and was the South African equivalent of London. In the 1870s, Cape Town became the major trading centre in the region.

Durban history

From around 1849 to 1865, the town was in the hands of the Zulu, and it was only when the Zulu chiefs returned in 1874 that the settlement was rebuilt. In 1876, it became part of Natal, and then was made part of the British Empire in 1907. The first towns were located in the area around the port, such as the East India Company's factory on the waterfront. When the city was rebuilt, the workers were predominantly black, although some Europeans were included.

By the late 1800s, the city was regarded as a major seaport in the world. It exported wheat, cattle and sugar cane. Among its major exports were sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco, groundnuts, cotton, copper and wool. It imported textile goods, clothing, wine and brandy. Tobacco and coal were transported to England and it also acted as a transshipment point for sugar and other goods. The country's capital, Pretoria, which was later called the "Smoky City" because of its heavy industrialization and manufacturing, was just over 30 km away from Durban.

During the Second World War, the main part of the British war fleet was based in Durban harbor. In the post-war period, the economy of the port suffered when other places such as the Indian Ocean met the needs of trade.

For the people in Durban, the docks were a source of employment, they transported goods and people to and from places in and around Durban. There were many workers in the building and repairing of the containers, vessels and some were employed in the maritime industry.

The city itself had a railway that linked the main ports and bays in the region. It connected the mines in Natal, South Africa's largest, to the trading port in Durban.

Railways have also been a major source of employment in Durban and Natal. As the steel industry in the early 1900s began to decline, many people lost their jobs. In the 1960s, many jobs that had been acquired, such as copper mining, were eventually lost to the Witwatersrand Basin and were also replaced by black jobs.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the residents of Durban belonged mainly to the Eastern Cape, the Cape Province, the Transvaal, and Natal. In the early years, Durban was dominated by the European community. As the railway industry expanded, many more black people were employed and became known as the "colored workers" of Natal.

From 1851 to 1905, the workers, mostly black, were mostly transported to the West Coast gold fields. Black labourers were employed to dig the gold, to prepare the land for agriculture, and to prepare the gold to be exported. To finance their operations, the gold was exported to Britain. With the help of the railways, the colonists could easily bring the gold and later other goods to Durban.

The arrival of Chinese indentured laborers between 1840 and 1880 to work on the sugar plantations of the region has added to the diversity of the population. It is often said that Chinese people are the first foreigners to come to the Durban area.

The Chinese workers were looked down upon by some and rejected by some because of the color of their skin. The Chinese were also forbidden to speak their own language and were told to speak English.

Early 20th century

As the railway industry expanded, the residents of Durban were supplied with affordable, mass-produced goods. The railway companies were linked to global trade networks and thus supplied international customers. In the late 1900s, transport links to other regions in the region increased. The trucks and trains of the Randlords ran through the port and in the major cities of the region.

The port was the base for much of the region's fishing industry and the fishermen were bought goods such as fish and even used railway wagons. They transported the catches from the coast and to the docks for distribution. The fishing industry was largely controlled by the European settlers and was based on



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