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Ceratostigma


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Ceratostigma (Ceratostigma) is a flowering plant from the Pig family. Most of the species of these cute phlox-like flowers come from China, but ceratostigmas are also found throughout Asia, as well as in the east of the African continent. This genus is represented by both perennial grasses and shrubs that retain their decorative appearance all year round or shed their leaves for the winter. Among the ceratostigmas, there are also vines with not too long (up to 1 m) stems covered with dense fluff.

Bluish-blue or purple inflorescences of ceratostigma emerge from the axils of the leaves or are located at the top of the stems. Each of the flowers consists of five petals fused at the base. After flowering, a small fruit with thorns is formed in their place, which contains only one seed.

In addition to its visual appeal, ceratostigma also has practical benefits. One of its types was used to obtain a special substance - plumbagin - which serves as a preservative for winemakers. In addition, this substance was included in the composition of many soft drinks: for example, it was found in the famous "Tarhun".

Rules for growing ceratostigma

Growing ceratostigma will require a brightly lit place, sheltered from cold drafts. These flowers can be planted on the south as well as the southeast and southwest side. In partial shade, the bushes will also feel good, but they still take on the most magnificent appearance in the sun. That is why you should not place plantings next to tall trees or buildings that block the light from them.

For planting, a light and well-drained soil of moderate fertility is suitable. The soil should be sufficiently loose and only slightly moist: planting in a lowland, where water stagnates for a long time, can destroy the plant just like too dense clay soil. If the soil on the site is too heavy, sand should be added to it, and then thoroughly loosened everything up. The delicate roots of ceratostigma should be protected during planting.

When distributing seedlings in flower beds or beds, it is necessary to maintain a significant distance of at least 1 m between the bushes. Growing, each bush can fill an area of ​​about 60 cm in diameter, therefore, with a closer location, the plants can begin to drown out each other. It is also worth taking care that the flower does not force its neighbors out of the flower bed. To do this, you can periodically divide the bushes of ceratostigma or regulate the distribution of its roots.

Immediately after planting, the seedlings should be watered, but in the future ceratostigma will not require frequent soil moisture. Usually it has enough normal rainfall, the only exceptions are periods of prolonged droughts. If the flowers are grown in containers, they are watered as the soil dries.

For ceratostigma, one, one-time spring feeding will be enough. The bushes can be watered with organic or mineral composition. In the spring, after the snow melts, the plant is pruned. All dried branches of last year should be removed from the bushes, stimulating the growth of fresh shoots. Ceratostigma flowers are formed only on young branches that have appeared in the current year.

It is assumed that the plants are able to withstand frosts down to -10 degrees, but for the reliability of ceratostigma it is still recommended to cover it for the winter, throwing spruce branches and foliage on the bushes. From above they are covered with dense material, for example, burlap. But in the spring such a shelter will need to be removed in a timely manner. Otherwise, the root collars of the bushes may begin to rot from waterlogging. In regions with harsher winters, it is recommended to grow these flowers in portable containers or pots. Plants, planted in mobile containers, are transferred for the winter to a cool, bright room, where they keep about +10 degrees Celsius. The lower temperature threshold for them is +3 degrees.

If ceratostigma is purchased in the store in the form of seedlings, you need to pay attention to the leaves of the plant. They must be uniform in color. As a rule, bushes are transplanted either before or after their flowering.

Methods of reproduction of ceratostigma

Reproduction by layering

There are several ways to propagate ceratostigma. One of the easiest is propagation by layering. In the fall, a young and flexible branch is bent to the ground, slightly covered and secured with a load - for example, a board. During the winter, such layers will give their own roots, and in the spring the new plant can be separated and transplanted to the desired place.

In the spring, the bushes can be propagated by division or cuttings. Suitable for cuttings are young, not stiff shoots of approximately 10 cm in length. Before planting, the lower leaves are removed from them. For speed of rooting, you can treat the end of the cuttings immersed in the ground with a stimulant solution. For disembarkation, a light peat-sand mixture is usually used, and then the container is covered with a bag. When the cuttings are taken in, fresh leaves will begin to appear. Such seedlings are moved to a new place with care. To avoid damaging the fragile roots of ceratostigma, it is best to use the transshipment method.

Growing ceratostigma from seeds

You can also grow ceratostigma from seeds. They are sown for seedlings at the very end of February or in March, burying only 0.5 cm in the ground. In order to contact the roots as little as possible during transplantation, it is best to use peat cups for growing seedlings. At a temperature of about +20, seedlings should appear within 2 weeks. Seedlings should be planted in the ground after all frosts have passed, but such bushes will bloom only after a year.

Pests and diseases

The dense fluff located on the surface of the leaf blades of ceratostigma protects the plant from most pests, but it is still susceptible to some diseases. One of them is powdery mildew. If a whitish bloom appears on the foliage, it is necessary to treat the bushes with appropriate preparations.

Another common disease of ceratostigma is root rot. The reason for its development is too frequent watering or too dense soil without a proper drainage layer.

Application of ceratostigma in landscape design

The autumn flowering of ceratostigma makes it a welcome guest in many flower gardens. Its bushes are often used as curbs and ground covers. They frame the walls of buildings, use mixborders in the foreground, and also plant them in rockeries and alpine slides. The bright color of the autumn foliage of the shrubs makes them look spectacular in combination with low conifers, as well as grasses and bushes with bluish or silvery leaves.

Types of ceratostigma with photos and names

Piggy (plumbagoid)

Creeping ground cover perennial, reaching 30 cm in height. The homeland of this species is considered to be the west of China. At the end of spring, oval leaves with a wavy edge appear on such a ceratostigma. On the front side, the leaf is painted in a deep green color, and on the wrong side it has a grayish color. In autumn, the color of the foliage changes to fiery red or reddish brown. Small flowers are located on the tops of the stems. The flowering period occurs in late summer or the first autumn weeks. The species is considered one of the most frost-resistant.

Wilmott (Chinese)

Another Chinese variety revered by the Tibetans as a symbol of wisdom. This type of ceratostigma forms low deciduous shrubs. The foliage combines shades of green and crimson. The flowers are light blue with a red center. You can admire them from the end of August.

Small (minus)

Shrub with many side shoots. The foliage has pubescence, and by autumn it is painted in crimson shades. The diameter of the flowers does not exceed 2 cm, their color is violet-blue. The flowering period is in early autumn.

Ushkovaya

Perennial ground cover, used not only as a garden plant, but also as a potted plant. Reaches up to 35 cm in height. Stems are thin, covered with small and soft light green foliage. The apical inflorescences-brushes are flowers painted in sky-blue tones. For growing in the garden, sowing for seedlings is usually required.

Griffith

Himalayan variety. Forms evergreen bushes, usually of low height, but individual specimens can grow to almost a meter in size. Spreading branches are covered with convex leaves of bright green color. Their edges are reddish-lilac. The apical flowers of bluish-purple shades appear in summer.


30 easy-care groundcover

A beautiful lawn, no bald patches in the garden - isn't that what you strive for? But sometimes a gorgeous lawn is difficult or impossible to maintain. May easy-care groundcover be the solution to your landscape problems! In our article you will find such ground covers that love the open sun, and those that can grow in the "worst shade", in addition, these ground covers tolerate drought and heat well, and even bloom with all these advantages!

Creeping thyme (Thyme)

Enjoy the fresh scent of thyme. It beautifully covers the soil, has fragrant foliage, and blooms with pink or white flowers. Easy to clean. Flowering period: spring - summer.

Latin name: Thymus serpyllum

Growing conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Sweet Woodruff

The sweet bedstraw is a groundcover ideal for your backyard and will fill the space around it with a wonderful scent. In addition to flowers, the smell of leaves is pleasant - if you pick and crush a leaf of a fragrant bedstraw in your hands, you will hear the smell of fresh cut grass. Fragrant bedstraw is one of the docile plants that forms a beautiful rug.

Latin name: Galium odoratum

Growing conditions: Partial to full shade and well-draining soil

Kotula or leptinella rough (Brass Buttons)

Probably, you hear about this plant for the first time. Catula or leptinella rough is native to New Zealand. It has small leaves of fine texture with a shade of black and flowers in the shape of a button of bronze color (hence its English name of the plant "Copper buttons" - Brass buttons). In addition, this groundcover can withstand a certain degree of stress, so you can walk on a rough Leptinella and even ride a bicycle.

Latin name: Leptinella squalida 'Platt's Black'

Growing conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Bishop's Weed

Dreaming grows quickly and will simply thrive in heavily shaded corners of your garden, where other shade-loving plants cannot live at all. With its beautiful two-colored foliage, the 'Variegatum' runny is a great option for shaded slopes or other areas where it has room to thrive.

Gardener's tip: Your garden will be even more interesting with the variegata variety, which quickly forms a decorative variegated cover of light green leaves with a wide creamy border.

Latin name: Aegopodium podagraria 'Variegatum'

Growing conditions: Partial to full shade and well-draining soil

Size: Reaches up to 25 cm in height.

Creeping insect (Ajuga)

In the spring, the tenacious throws out candles of blue, pink and white flowers. The tenacious leaves are also of interest: there are several types - plants with chocolate-purple foliage (variety 'Chocolate Chip'), plants with reddish-bronze leaves (variety 'Rubra'). The tenacious can grow in difficult shaded places - for example, in the shade under trees in the absence of watering for a long time.

Latin name: Ajuga reptans

Growing Conditions: Partial to full shade and moist, well-drained soil

Speckled lamb (Lamium)

Speckled Lamb is an excellent, maintenance-free ground cover. Most of the species bloom all summer long pink or white inflorescences. Even when they are not in bloom, their beautiful, silvery foliage refreshes the shady corners of the garden. Speckled lamb is a great alternative to a traditional lawn!

Latin name: Lamium maculatum

Growing Conditions: Full shade and moist, well-drained soil

Loose-leaf, or loose-leaf coin (Golden Moneywort)

Coin camel, or coined camel is a great choice to bloom the shadow! Lostweed meadow tea - Another name for this plant is a fast growing and fast spreading plant, ideal if you need to cover a large area of ​​land.

Latin name: Lysimachia nummularia 'Aurea'

Growing conditions: Partial to full shade and moist soil

Epimedium large-flowered, or Horny Goat Weed (Epimedium)

Dry shade can pose serious challenges to the landscape. Fortunately, in such conditions, the large-flowered epimedium, or the large-flowered mountain goat, not only can live, but also frankly thrives. There really is plenty to choose from, but we would recommend not to fool around and plant one of three varieties - "Pierre's Purple", "Sulfureum" or "Lilafee".

Latin name: Epimedium grиiflorum

Growing conditions: Partial to full shade and well-draining soil

Lilies of the valley

A beautiful lily of the valley with a delicate aroma with beautiful leaves is one of the easiest groundcover to care for. Lily of the valley is ideal if you need something to plant a shady corner near your patio or a lawn under a large tree in your backyard. However, you need to make sure that the lily of the valley does not take up too much area, since it grows quickly.

Latin name: Convallaria majalis

Growing conditions: Shade and well-drained soil

Dogwood Canadian, or Canadian dogwood (Bunchberry)

Canadian dogwood will look beautiful in the natural landscape. In the spring, cute white flowers bloom on it, and in the fall, bright red berries ripen. The leaves of this dwarf plant have an elegant festive appearance of a bronze-purple hue.

Latin name: Chamaepericlymenum canadense (also called Cornus canadensis)

Growing conditions: Full shade and well-drained soil

Small periwinkle (Vinca)

Periwinkle is valuable for its attractive bushes, beautifully shaped shiny dark green leaves. The pretty periwinkle flowers come in blue, purple and white. Periwinkle easily adapts to any conditions and is tolerant to a wide range of different soil types.

Note: It may happen - if the conditions are very suitable for him - that the periwinkle begins to grow rapidly, and therefore sometimes you can hear from gardeners that the periwinkle is aggressive.

Latin name: Vinca minor

Growing Conditions: Partial to full shade and moist, well-drained soil

European hoof (Wild Ginger)

The European wild hoof is valued for its shiny, beautifully shaped leaves and for its good growth. The European Clefthoof is not an aggressive plant and at the same time forms nice colonies in the landscape.

Latin name: Asarum europaeum

Growing conditions: Partial to full shade and well-draining soil

Soft cuff (Lady's Mantle)

This beautiful perennial has thin hairs on the leaves and in the morning, when the bush is covered with dew, the cuff just sparkles in the sun. The flowering period of the soft cuff is June-August, blooming in clusters of small yellowish-green flowers. If you want the plant to bloom longer, cut off the faded heads. In English, the name of the cuff sounds like "Lady's mantle".

Latin name: Alchemilla mollis

Growing conditions: Sunny / partial shade, moist, well-drained soil

Apical pachisandra (Pachysandra)

We recommend covering heavily shaded areas with apical pachisandra. This plant has rich, dark green foliage and blooms in miniature clusters of white flowers.After planting, the pachisander will take root for several seasons, but as soon as it takes root in a new place, you can forget about it: it will flourish in conditions of complete neglect. Plant and Forget: This is the lowest-maintenance plant.

Latin name: Pachysira terminalis

Growing conditions: Shade and moisture, well-drained soil

Sedum

Stunted sedum will not offer you such a rich palette of colors as their tall relatives, but in open sunny areas it is an excellent groundcover. Moreover, it is difficult to come up with such special care that will not suit him: undersized sedum is one of the most unpretentious plants. The sedum in the photo has golden inflorescences.

Latin name: Sedum acre

Growing conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Molodilo, or livestock, or stone rose (Hens-and-Chicks)

The ideal companion for stonecrops is a stone rose (or rejuvenated) - an excellent succulent for rock gardens, a stone fence, or a crack in a walkway. Rejuvenated - one of the ground cover that does not require care. Plant and rejoice.

Latin name: Sempervivum varieties

Growing conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Soap grass (Soapwort)

Soap grass is an undeservedly underrated plant. Most varieties of soapwort are excellent ground cover. "Max Frei" ("Max Fry") - undersized variety, forming a rug, which blooms in the spring with small pink flowers in the form of stars. Mylnyanka is an excellent choice for a gardener, because she is not afraid of either summer heat or excess moisture.

Latin name: Saponaria x lempergii 'Max Frei'

Growing conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Enotera pink (Showy Evening Primrose)

This plant is tolerant of a variety of conditions: heat, drought and excess moisture. In the middle of summer, it will reward you with cheerful pink flowers. And although it is easy to grow evening primrose, we advise you to be patient: this ground cover rises late.

Latin name: Oenothera speciosa

Growing conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Armeria

Armeria is a charming plant that you don't often see in the garden. Its grass-like leaves form a rosette. During the flowering period, Armeria produces a long pedicel, blooms in late spring - early summer with bright crimson or white flowers. The Armeria variety called "Rubrifolia" deserves special attention - this Armeria has burgundy-colored leaves.

Latin name: Armeria maritima

Growing conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Creeping Phlox

Creeping phlox is an ideal plant for curbs / ridges or any other type of bordering. There are varieties of phlox in pink, white, purple, reddish and bicolor. This perennial is a slow growing, loves open sun areas and well-drained soil. Creeping phlox is a good neighbor for tulips, daffodils, etc. Wherever you planted it - along any path / flower garden, etc. - this ground cover will give its own charm to any place.

Latin name: Phlox subulata

Growing conditions: Full sun, moist, well-drained soil

Waldsteinia (Barren Strawberry)

Walsthenia is originally from North America, more precisely from the east of North America. In landscape design, it is appreciated for its ability to form a dense bush, for its leaves that look like those of strawberries and for its yellow flowers.

Latin name: Waldsteinia fragarioides

Growing Conditions: Partial shade to full sun and moist, well-drained soil

Prostrate Veronica

This Veronica is a short version of the good old, familiar to all taller Veronica. The blue flowers of Veronica prostrate beautifully contrast with her own golden leaves - this applies to varieties such as Trehane and Goldwell.

Latin name: Veronica prostrata

Growing conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Geranium blood-red, or blood-red (Bloody Cranesbill)

Blood-red geranium owes such a dramatic name to its leaves, which take on a bright red color in autumn. Blood-red geranium flowers, depending on the variety, can be blue and purple. This groundcover grows slowly, but in partial shade, or shade, forms a wide ridge over time. This plant is not only beautiful, but also does not require maintenance.

Latin name: Geranium sanguineum

Growing conditions: Partial to full shade and well-draining soil

Hakonehloya, or Japanese Forestgrass

Ornamental grasses are a beautiful way to add structure to your landscape. Low-growing plants are excellent groundcover and hakonechloa, or Japanese golden cane, which, incidentally, was named plant of the year in 2009, is one of the best ground cover plants. Japanese golden cane (in English this herb is called "Japanese forest grass") has golden and pistachio leaves and forms pretty bushes, similar to cushions.

Latin name: Hakonechloa macra

Growing conditions: Open sun and partial shade, moist, well-drained soil.

Ceratostigma (Leadplant)

Ceratostigma is the ideal groundcover when it comes to late summer and fall. At the end of summer, ceratostigma blooms with beautiful electric blue flowers, and the leaves are painted in a rich wine color in autumn.

Latin name: Ceratostigma plumbaginoides

Growing conditions: Sunny or shady areas and well-drained soil.

Ophiopogon Japanese (Mondo Grass)

Ophiopogon Japanese is a favorite of southern gardeners, especially varieties with intriguing purple leaves. And although Japanese ophiopogon looks like a dwarf grass, it is closer to ophiopogon than a lily.

Latin name: Ophiopogon japonicus

Growing conditions: Shade, moist, well-drained soil

Size: Up to 60 cm in height, depending on the variety

Felt chippers (Snow-in-Summer)

Felt chickweed with beautiful white flowers and silvery foliage will decorate any stone wall, any patio, and will fit any garden curb. In addition to the beauty, the clearhead is also unpretentious in care - it will grow equally well in almost any soil.

Latin name: Cerastium tomentosum

Growing conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Lamb's Ears

The leaves of this classic perennial plant are covered with hairs and look like the fluffy ears of a lamb. The Byzantine chisel forms nice soft silvery bushes. Flowers in multi-flowered whorls of this perennial can be purple to pink. It makes sense to look for varieties such as Cotton Ball, Big Ears and Primrose Heron.

Latin name: Stachys byzantina

Growing conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Crested Iris

Crested iris is sometimes called forest iris. Home to the crested iris in eastern North America, there are a wide variety of shapes and colors of these blue or white irises. Once planted, they are maintenance-free and a lively groundcover for a natural forest-style garden.

Latin name: Iris cristata

Growing conditions: Partial to full shade moist, well-drained soil

Buttercup (Creeping Buttercup)

This is a plant that, perhaps, would be nice to have in every garden. For example, "Buttered Popcorn" has yellowish foliage, and in a shady garden these spots literally glow, brightening and decorating the shadow. In addition to beautiful foliage, buttercups also bloom with golden flowers. The flowering period is late spring - early summer.

Latin name: Ranunculus repens

Growing conditions: Partial to full shade and well-draining soil

Narrated by Kelly D. Norris

Translation: Anna Zhurbenko
specially for the internet portal
garden center "Your Garden"

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Ceratostigma plumbago

foothills and rocky places

plants grown from seeds bloom in the 2nd year

down to -23 degrees (zone 6a), more suitable for southern regions

in central Russia for the winter they are placed in a pot in a cold greenhouse or other bright room with a low positive temperature (up to +12 degrees)

likes moderately moist soils, but does not tolerate stagnant water, needs good drainage

five-lobed, 2.5-2.8 cm in diameter, with a red-purple tube and a blue limb with notched narrow-triangular lobes protruding from the tube with blue anthers

terminal or axillary, (1-) 15-30-flowered, with lanceolate or oblong bracts

leaves from broadly ovate to obovate, 4-10 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, sharply narrowed towards the base, sharply pointed or sometimes obtuse towards the apex, pubescent along the edge, green above, gray-green below, spectacular in autumn, bronze or orange

light yellowish-brown ellipsoidal-ovate capsules about 6 mm long, with red-brown seeds

creeping plant with thin, simple or branched stems

has a branched brown rhizome about 2-3 cm in diameter

groundcover for stony gardens, slopes, retaining walls, path edges, curbs and mixborders


Ceratostigma

Ceratostigma plumbago
A low, creeping plant from Western China. Very impressive at the end of summer in blue flowers, reminiscent of the flowers of lead, as well as in the orange-bronze autumn color of the foliage. It is thermophilic, in central Russia, for wintering, it is determined in a cold greenhouse or a bright cool room.

Nobody has created threads yet

Do you believe in garden fairies? Someone, after reading, will smile, and some will think and mentally plunge into the world of childhood and fantasy. And I .

A multi-tiered vegetation plant "Fitopyramida" has been created, a kind of vertical hydroponic farm for growing.


Perennial flowers are the best basis for creating a flower bed

There are two varieties of colors. The first group includes those called annuals - in the spring you plant seeds and they grow and bloom for just one season. The second group includes flowers that are called perennials, that is, perennials that require more care, attention, but at the same time they will delight gardeners for more than one year in a row.

Perennials have a number of advantages that are appreciated by amateur flower growers:

  • The variety of species is huge, and this is very important when creating a large flower bed.
  • The lifespan of the plant. At the end of the season, only the upper part dies off, but the roots can live for more than 6 years (not in all plants).
  • Convenience of transplanting and propagating flowers, since you can use the rhizome, seeds and shoots, which will be convenient when creating new flower beds.
  • A huge number of plants that are also medicinal in nature, which will delight people who would like to have their own "green pharmacy".


A flower bed of perennials for beginners: diagrams and photos

Rules for creating a flower bed from perennials

The very process of developing and creating a flower bed is compared to art, since even when designing, one should take into account the fact that the flower garden will look different at different times of the year. If you have created the project correctly, you will get a flower bed of continuous flowering, where one fading plants will immediately be replaced by others, and all this during the summer.

You should start planning a flower garden when you have already completed the zoning of the territory and already know where and in what place you will have paths, beds, shrubs and trees.

Attention should be paid

When you start creating your beautiful perennial flower bed, you should pay attention to:

  1. Climate. When choosing plants, give preference to those that will be comfortable in your climate zone.
  2. Individual features of the site. If you use the reliefs of the area where you live, you can not only correctly allocate free space, but also create original design options.
  3. Soil type. An important parameter, which in many ways will decide what will happen to your flower bed. If you have fertile black soil, the ideal choice would be lupine, bell, mallow. If you have stony, sandy or loamy soil, sage, flax, and valerian are excellent options. The soil in the swamps is good for growing asters, yarrow and cornflower. Dry land is not a problem, since it is in such conditions that phlox, cosmeya, Gaillardia and carnations will grow ideally.
  4. Sunshine. In places where the sun shines for more than 6 hours a day, plant peonies, phlox, asters, poppies. If the light in your chosen place is limited from 4 to 6 hours, then it is better to choose irises, astilba, primrose, aquilenia. Shady flower beds are ideal for lily of the valley, host and fern.
  5. Flowering period and planting density. It will not be superfluous to plant the plants a little less often than you usually do, since with a large number of germinated seeds, the plants can simply begin to "hammer" each other.

A color scheme

It has long been established by psychologists that even a color can radically change a person's mood in all spheres of life. For this reason, when creating a flower garden from perennials, beginners should pay special attention to this. If you can correctly create color combinations, your flower bed will be more aesthetically pleasing. When distributing colors, it will be important to familiarize yourself with the standard principles for choosing a palette and mixing shades:

  1. In many colors, the combination depends on the play of shadows and light, so smooth leaves of plants will reflect light, and matte leaves, on the contrary, will absorb.
  2. For the consistency of the brightness of colors, use one color palette - warm or cold.
  3. To visually enlarge small flower beds, minimize the number of flowers and get rid of excessive contrast.
  4. To visually enlarge the flower bed, place blue flowers in the back, and plant red or yellow species in front.
  5. If the foreground of the flower bed is saturated, then the background should be calm.
  6. If you want to create an original and beautiful flower bed from a long-term garden (or even a flower garden), plant not very saturated shades on the background, for example, pink, white or blue. You should arrange contrasting flowers in small groups, which will occupy no more than 1/6 of the entire space.
  7. According to the rules of floristry, you cannot have more than one flower bed with very bright flowers in the garden. Also, try not to overdo it with contrasts in your design.
  8. If your main plant is very rich in color, it should be diluted with more soothing shades.
  9. When planting, measure the area of ​​different colors. For example, against the background of blue flowers, a small red spot of flowers will be quite appropriate, and if it is larger, it will only cause irritation.
  10. The main color of the flower arrangement should be chosen according to the purpose of the flower bed and its location, more precisely, the climatic zone. It was noted that urban dwellers love moderate shades, while rural dwellers prefer bright colors that are almost impossible to find in nature.

Perennial flower bed schemes for beginners

Flower beds can be of various geometric shapes, while they are divided into two large groups - with regular and irregular compositions.

  • Regular composition accommodates in its concept the presence of a pattern (geometric), while the plants bloom at the same time and there is a clear border between them.
  • Irregular composition differs in the form of grouping of plants. It so happens that flower beds with irregular compositions are more optimal, since perennials will bloom in turn, which will increase the total flowering time.

Using ready-made schemes, you can correctly create a flower bed that will delight the eye. With the scheme, you will select the flowers that will best suit your flower garden. At the same time, whatever shape of the flower bed you choose, there is a certain pattern of planting flowers.In the center there should be tall and bright species, the middle part should be medium-sized plants, and around the edges there should be low-growing long-flowered flowers or ornamental grass.

  1. Rectangle. This is a flowerbed with a clear shape. Inside the flower bed, you can draw a pattern if you combine different plants.
  2. Oval... Alternatively, you can create an oval flower bed. According to this scheme, you can make clear zoning.
  3. A circle... This is another simple shape that will be perfect for a flower garden. Typically, these flower beds are used in gardens, as it makes it easier to access other plants.
  4. Triangle... Not quite the usual form of a flower bed, which, if desired, can be "fit" into a limited space.

In addition to these basic forms, which are easy to complete even for a beginner, there are some more:

  • "Spring Symphony" (round). According to the scheme, you need to plant: 1 - pink matiolla, 2 - red zinnia, 3 - white verbena. There are only three shades here - white, pink, red, which looks very harmonious when properly planted.
  • Concentric flower bed, which is made of concentric circles (which are quite easy to draw on your own). The following flowers are used here: 1 - dark-leaved calla lilies, 2 - fluffy gnafalium, 3 - perilla nankinensis.
  • Contrasting flower bed ("white & pink"). This is a square flower bed in which the predominant shades will be white and red. Such perennials will be used for flower beds: 1 - gypsophila, 2 - physostegy, 3 - obrietta, 4 - phlox, 5 - physostegy, 6 - clematis, 7 - arabis, 8 - daylily, 9 - armeria, 10 - lupine, 11 - irises , 12 - daisy.
  • Flowerbed in the shade "Colorful summer". A feature of the flower bed is the large number of plants that love shade. You will need: 1 - Astilba Arends, 2 - primrose, 3 - bell, 4 - periwinkle, 5 - toothed buzulnik, 6 - bergamo, 7 - purple foxglove, 8 - large-leaved brunner.

In the past few years, high flower beds have become very common, which are made on boxes just below a meter. Such a flower bed does not require any special care, it will have fewer weeds, but it is much more difficult to create and plant it than simple flower beds.

Sometimes you need to create a flower bed of perennials with your own hands in conditions where there is little light, for example, along a wall or in the shadow of a fence. In this case, choose plants that are comfortable in the shade. You can create the following flower beds according to the following schemes:

  1. Shady flower bed (under the fence). You will plant in it: 1 - mock orange, 2 - bergenia, 3 - cuff (soft), 4 - thimble, 5 - lupine, 6 - variegated daylily.
  2. Flower garden (along the northern part of the house). You will need to plant on such a flower bed: 1-3 - host of several varieties, 4-5 - thuja, 6 - astilba, 7 - toothed buzulnik, 8 - hosta, 9 - black spruce, 10 - badan, 11 - astilba, 12 - citrine ordinary.

Types of perennials for a small garden

The most optimal planting options are:

  1. Geranium Endressa. The plant is unpretentious, lives well without moisture, blooms from June to August.
  2. Aconite. Plant-fighter, blooms July-August.
  3. Delphinium. The plant, which is widespread in the middle lane, blooms in June-July, so if you cut it at a short distance from the ground, it can give color again.
  4. Avens. A flower that is one of the first to wake up and bloom (in May). May begin to bloom again in September.
  5. Dicenter. Popular perennial, flowering period April-May.
  6. Bell. The flower of the shade begins to bloom in June.
  7. Doronicum plantain. A plant for which it would be ideal to be in a humid and shady place.
  8. Meconopsis. A plant with minimal requirements, it is only important to remove wilted buds. The flowering period is May-June.
  9. Sage. A very popular plant that blooms again when pruned. The flowering period is from June to August.
  10. Hellebore. A flower that thrives best in shade on fertile soil.
  11. Function. A deciduous ornamental plant that is used in a flower bed to create green mass.
  12. Musk mallow. A perennial that is not picky about conditions and feels great even in the shade. Blooms from June to September.
  13. Sedum. A plant from the succulent family, flowers from July to September.

Choosing plants per flower bed by flowering time will help create an irregular flower garden that will delight the eye from May to September.


Watch the video: Growing Plumbago!


Comments:

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  3. Shakagar

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